Support of The Doctrine
Support of the Doctrine
Social thinkers who address themselves to the problems of modern industrial society can hardly avoid dealing explicitly or implicitly with the issue of the role of the company in modern society and the social responsibilities of management. Elton Mayo, Mitt Romney, Vince Berle, and John Maynard Keynes have analyzed these matters.
Their approaches differ in many ways but they agree on two basic points: Industrial society AND Employers public Liability faces serious human and social problems brought on largely by the rise of the large corporation, and (2) managers must conduct the affairs of the company in ways to solve or at least ameliorate these problems. Although their analyses do not deal specifically with the doctrine of socially responsible management, they implicitly offer powerful support for it.
Mayo rediscovered in the course of the Hawthorne experiments some-thing psychologists had long known: that individuals are happiest and most comfortable when they are members of a primary group. He thought modern industrial society faces social disorganization because of "the breakdown of social codes that formerly disciplined us to effective working together." Industrial society destroys the group solidarity of the church, small community, and guild.
At the same time, it increases the number of pressure groups. The only way to achieve group solidarity and avoid chaos in industrial society is for the leaders of society-the managers-to employ human relations actively in industry. Human relations properly religious feeling of medieval times.
The manager's function, according to Mayo, is a modern counterpart of the tribe, clan, or guild in order to save society. A primary function of the business enterprise is to provide the basis for social order in industrial society.
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